Sleep apnea is often a disorder characterized by decrease or temporary respiratory arrest (airflow) during sleep. It is often among adults, but rare among adolescents. Even if a sentence of sleep apnea is often missed on the basis of your medical background, there are several tests that you can use to confirm that diagnosis. The treatment for sleep apnea may be either surgical or non-surgical.
An apnea is a period of time during which inhalation and exhalation stops or actually reduces significantly. Within simplified terms, an apnea occurs when a person stops inhaled and exhaled for 10 seconds or longer. If you prevent breathing altogether or take less than 25% of a normal breath for a period of 10 seconds or longer, it's a good apnea. This distinction includes complete air flow stopping. Other definitions of apnea that can be used include at least a 4% change in oxygen in the blood, a direct result in the reduction of the transfer of oxygen into the blood when inhalation and exhalation stops.
Apneas usually occur during sleep. When an apnea occurs, sleep is usually disturbed due to insufficient breathing in addition to poor oxygen levels in the blood. Sometimes it means that the person wakes up completely, but sometimes it may mean that the person comes to a deep sleep level and into a more low degree of sleep. Apnea tends to be measured during sleep (preferably in all stages of sleep) that lasts over a two-hour period. An estimate of the severity of apnea is actually calculated by dividing the amount of apneas with the amount of rest period, giving an apnea catalog (AI in apnea every hour); The higher the AI, the greater serious apnea.
A hypopnea is often a respiratory depression that is really not as difficult for apnea. Hypopneas usually occur at sleep and can be defined as 69% to 26% of your normal breath. For example, apneas, hypopnaes can also be defined as any 4% or higher acid loss in the blood. Like apnea, hypopneas usually interfere with the exact level of sleep. A hypopnea index (HI) can be calculated by dividing the amount of hypopneas with the amount of rest period.
The apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) is definitely a serious index that combines apneas except hypopneas. Combining them offers an overall severity of sleep apnea that includes sleep disorders in addition to desaturations (a low level of oxygen in that blood). The apnea hypopnea catalog, such as the apnea catalog and the hypopnea catalog, is calculated by dividing the amount of apneas and hypopneas with the amount of rest period.
Another index that measures sleep apnea will be the respiratory disturbance directory (RDI). The respiratory disturbance index is similar to the apnea hypopnea catalog; However, it also includes respiratory events that usually do not technically meet these definitions of apneas as well as hypopneas, but completely disturb sleep.
Sleep apnea is formally defined as an apnea hypopnea index of at least 15 episodes / hour in the patient if they do not have medical trauma believed to be caused by sleep apnea. Equivalent of about one episode of apnea or hypopnea every 4 minutes. Higher blood pressure, cerebrovascular accident, sleep today, cardiac insufficiency (low blood flow in the heart), insomnia or mood disorders can be caused or worsened by sleep apnea. Under good conditions, sleep apnea is defined as an apnea-hypopnea index of at least five episodes / hour. This definition is actually stricter because these people can already experience the negative medical effect of sleep apnea, and it may be important to start treatment in the lower apnea hypopnea catalog.